After you set the batch level, the next thing is to be done in configuration is to set batch status. Any batch in SAP can be in restricted use or unrestricted use. In conjunction with status of a material, batch status management plays an important role. Let us discuss various scenarios related to batch status management.
When a batch of material is under quality inspection or when a new batch of material arrives after goods receipt, it is wise to check whether the material received is in good condition or has good quality before it is either sold or taken into inventory or dispatch for further processing on the shop floor. If the inspection is required then you need to block this batch for use. This is done by setting the “restricted use” indicator for the material. If the batch is inspected and found to be good then the indicator for the batch can be changed to “unrestricted use” and that batch can be used for moving or further processing.
Any material in SAP can have 3 statuses viz. unrestricted use, under quality inspection or blocked. Now if the same material is converted into a batch managed material then the material statuses are no longer valid and batch status management will kick in.
Batch status management can be set up so that any material when arrives after goods receipt can have a status of either restricted or unrestricted use. In SAP customization, you can specify if all batches of materials after goods can have any of the two statuses at the plant level. That means, if for a plant, the batch status is set as unrestricted use then all incoming batches of materials will have unrestricted use after goods receipt. If any plant has the batch status as restricted use then all batches of all materials will have the status as restricted for that plant.
In my next post I will discuss more topics in batch management.