Posted by: ahmedashfaque | April 22, 2014

Warehouse structure in SAP

In SAP, the warehouse is connected to many modules like quality management, sales & distribution, production planning and most importantly with materials management.

A warehouse can be used in many ways in SAP. It can be used to store raw materials, work in process materials, and finished materials. Depending on the usage, the warehouse can be connected and configured accordingly. But in most cases, warehouses are used to store finished goods. Only in certain cases, they are used to store raw materials or work in progress materials.

The warehouse is connected to a storage location (which is connected to a plant) which you have defined in SAP materials management. Many storage locations can be connected to one warehouse. Each warehouse has a unique warehouse number so that it can be identified in the system. The warehouse is divided into many storage types. Each storage type can be divided into many storage sections or picking areas. Each storage section can be divided into many storage bins or racks. Each storage bin is divided into many quants. A quant is a special storage area which can keep a batch of material together.

Let us see one example. A company has a physical warehouse, which has following areas:

  • Goods receipt area
  • Goods issue area
  • Hall with high rack shelves
  • Bulk storage area
  • Picking area with fixed bins
  • Outside storage yard for special goods

In SAP all of these warehouse areas can be configured as storage types. You should also create storage types in the warehouse which can correspond to storage location in SAP MM. These storge types can include goods receipt area, goods issue area, interim storage for differences etc.

Now in a physical warehouse we can have bulk storage area, open storage area, high rack storage area, picking area etc. All of these can be configured in SAP as storage sections. each of these storage sections will consist of storage bins. For each storage section, you can classify some bins to keep fast moving items and others for slow moving items.



  1. Hi
    It was great ur article on WM. if u r also providing training on WM?

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